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Scripture Notes Old Testament
page 5

-Bel-merodach: the name 'Bel' means 'thy rebellion' and Merodach was the chief deity of the Babylonians in the time of Nebuchadnezzar-II. On monuments it is called Marduk. Bel-Merodach was the consort of Marduk, also known as Sarpanitu.

There were many more idols the ancients made and worshipped as their gods.

Jeremiah 50:2.

-Chedorlaomer:.Genesis 14:1-17. In the early days of man and in the time of the mysterious Melchizedek:.Genesis 14:18.

Chedorlaomer, the 'Kudur-Lagamar' of inscriptions, means "the servant of the goddess Lagamar". An egocentric king in the days of Abraham and Lot, B.C.E. 2290.

From.Fausset's Bible Dictionary on Genesis 14:5-17:."Chedorlaomer was King of Elam, who for twelve years had in subjection to him the kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim and Bela or Zoar. In the 13th they revolted, whereupon he, with his subordinate allies, the kings of Shinar.(Babylonia's beginnings).and Ellasar and Tidal, "king of nations".(Median Scyths, belonging to the old population).smote the Rephaims.(giants, Genesis 6:4) in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzims in Ham, the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim, the Horites in mount Seir, the Amalekites and the Amorites in Hazezon Tamar and finally encountered and defeated the five allied kings in the vale of Siddim.

"Among the captives whom he took was Lot. Abraham with 318 armed servants however defeated him in turn and rescued Lot and pursued the invader to Hobah on the left of Damascus.

"A recently deciphered record states that an Elamite king, Kudur-Nakhunta, conquered Babylon about B.C.E. 2290. Assurbanipal, king of Assyria B.C.E. 668, recovered an image of Nana captured by the Elamires from Uruk (also called Erech), 1635 years previously. 

"Babylonian documents of the age B.C.E. 2200-2100 also allude to an interruption in the native dynasty about this date by a king from Elam (also called Susiana) between the Tigris river and land of Persia. There is mentioned among the Babylonian kings one who held his court at Ur in Lower Chaldea, an Elamite prince named Kudur-Mabuk, which equals to Chedorlaomer; Lagomer (from Laomer) being an Elamite goddess of which Mabuk is the Hamitic name. Kudur is thought to mean mother, i.e. attendant or worshipper of Lagomer. Kudur the king bears in the inscriptions the surname Apda Martu "the ravager of the West". He did not establish a lasting empire over Syria, as his Assyrian and Babylonian successors, but was simply its 'ravager', exactly as the Bible represents him. He was Semitic and had made himself lord.paramount over the Hamite kings of Shinar and Ellasar."

A recently deciphered record states that an Elamite king, Kudur-Nakhunta, conquered Babylon about B.C.E. 2290.

Easton's Bible Dictionary:."Many centuries before the age of 
Abraham, Canaan and even the Sinaitic peninsula had been conquered by Babylonian kings and in the time of Abraham himself, Babylonia was ruled by a dynasty which claimed 
sovereignty over Syria and Palestine. The kings of the dynasty bore names which were not Babylonian, but South Arabic and Hebrew. The most famous king of the dynasty was Hammurabi, who united Babylonia under one rule and made Babylon its capital. When he ascended the throne, the country was under the suzerainty of the Elamites and was divided into two kingdoms, that of Babylon.(the Biblical Shinar).and that of Larsa.(the Biblical Ellasar). The king of Larsa was Eri-Aku.('the servant of the moon-god'), the son of an Elamite prince, Kudur-Mabug, who is entitled 'the father of the land of the Amorites'. 

A recently discovered tablet enumerates among the enemies of Hammurabi, Kudur-Lagamar.('the servant of the 
goddess Lagamar').or Chedorlaomer, Eri-Aku or Arioch.(an ally of Chedorlaomer).and Tudkhula or Tidal. Hammurabi.(also spelt Khammurabi), whose name is also read Ammi-rapaltu or Amraphel by some scholars, succeeded in overcoming Eri-Aku and driving the Elamites out of Babylonia. Assurbanipal, the last of the Assyrian conquerors, mentions in two inscriptions that he took Susa in the year B.C.E. 660, 1635 years after Kedor-nakhunta, the king of Elam, had conquered Babylonia."

Chronology of the Old Testament

The 430 years of Exodus 12:40 are in the above taken to mean the sojourn in Canaan and in Egypt, the latter being 215 years; this agrees with Galatians 3:17 and with the Israelites being brought out in the fourth generation:.Genesis 15:16.

The principal events stand thus:

B.C.E.
4004 Adam created.
2948 Noah born.
2348 The Flood.
1996 Abraham born.
1921 Call of Abraham.
1896 Isaac born.
1836 Jacob born.
1706 The Israelites enter Egypt.
1491 The Exodus.(the Israelites leave Egypt). The law given.
1451 The Israelites cross the Jordan.
1444 The division of the land. (see book of Judges)
1095 Saul anointed king; the kingdom begins.
1055 David, king.


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