Scripture Notes Old
the name 'Bel'
means 'thy rebellion' and Merodach was the chief deity
of the Babylonians
in the time of Nebuchadnezzar-II.
it is called Marduk. Bel-Merodach was the consort
of Marduk, also known as Sarpanitu.
There were many
more idols the ancients made and worshipped as their gods.
14:1-17. In the early days of man and in the time of the mysterious
Chedorlaomer, the 'Kudur-Lagamar'
of inscriptions, means "the servant of the goddess Lagamar". An egocentric
king in the days of Abraham
and Lot, B.C.E. 2290.
Bible Dictionary on Genesis
was King of Elam,
who for twelve years had in subjection to him the kings of Sodom, Gomorrah,
Admah, Zeboiim and Bela or Zoar.
In the 13th they revolted, whereupon he, with his subordinate allies, the
kings of Shinar.(Babylonia's
Ellasar and Tidal, "king of nations".(Median
Scyths, belonging to the old population).smote
6:4) in Ashteroth Karnaim, the
in Ham, the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim, the Horites in mount Seir, the
Amalekites and the Amorites in Hazezon Tamar and finally encountered and
defeated the five allied kings in the vale of Siddim.
"Among the captives whom
he took was Lot. Abraham
with 318 armed servants however defeated him in turn and rescued Lot and
pursued the invader to Hobah on the left of Damascus.
"A recently deciphered record
states that an Elamite king, Kudur-Nakhunta, conquered Babylon about B.C.E.
2290. Assurbanipal, king of Assyria
B.C.E. 668, recovered an image of Nana captured by the Elamires from Uruk
(also called Erech), 1635 years previously.
"Babylonian documents of
the age B.C.E. 2200-2100 also allude to an interruption in the native dynasty
about this date by a king from Elam (also called Susiana) between the Tigris
river and land of Persia. There is mentioned among the Babylonian kings
one who held his court at Ur in Lower Chaldea, an Elamite prince named
Kudur-Mabuk, which equals to Chedorlaomer; Lagomer (from Laomer) being
an Elamite goddess of which Mabuk is the Hamitic
name. Kudur is thought to mean mother, i.e. attendant or worshipper of
Lagomer. Kudur the king bears in the inscriptions the surname Apda Martu
"the ravager of the West". He did not establish a lasting empire over Syria,
as his Assyrian and Babylonian
successors, but was simply its 'ravager', exactly as the Bible represents
him. He was Semitic
and had made himself lord.paramount
over the Hamite kings of Shinar and Ellasar."
A recently deciphered
record states that an Elamite
king, Kudur-Nakhunta, conquered Babylon about B.C.E. 2290.
centuries before the age of
and even the Sinaitic peninsula had been conquered by Babylonian kings
and in the time of Abraham himself, Babylonia was ruled by a dynasty
over Syria and
The kings of the dynasty bore names which were not Babylonian, but South
Arabic and Hebrew.
The most famous king of the dynasty was Hammurabi,
who united Babylonia under one rule and made Babylon its capital. When
he ascended the throne, the country was under the suzerainty
of the Elamites
and was divided into two kingdoms, that of Babylon.(the
that of Larsa.(the
Biblical Ellasar). The king of Larsa
servant of the moon-god'), the son
of an Elamite prince, Kudur-Mabug, who is entitled 'the father of the land
of the Amorites'.
A recently discovered tablet
enumerates among the enemies of Hammurabi,
servant of the
Eri-Aku or Arioch.(an
Tudkhula or Tidal. Hammurabi.(also
spelt Khammurabi), whose name is also
read Ammi-rapaltu or Amraphel by some scholars, succeeded in overcoming
Eri-Aku and driving the Elamites out of Babylonia. Assurbanipal,
the last of the Assyrian conquerors, mentions in two inscriptions that
he took Susa in the year B.C.E.
660, 1635 years after Kedor-nakhunta, the king of Elam, had conquered Babylonia."
Chronology of the Old Testament
The 430 years of Exodus
12:40 are in the above taken to mean the sojourn
in Canaan and in
the latter being 215 years; this agrees with Galatians
3:17 and with the Israelites being brought out in the fourth generation:.Genesis
The principal events stand
1706 The Israelites
1491 The Exodus.(the
Israelites leave Egypt). The law given.
1451 The Israelites cross
1444 The division of the
land. (see book of Judges)
anointed king; the kingdom begins.